"Allegory of Earth"
Oil on copper. 59 x 91 cm.
"An Allegory of Water and Earth"
The figures may be identified as the Nereid Amphitrite, who holds a shell and represents Water, the Muse Urania, who holds an Armillary Sphere symbolic of Air, the goddess Vesta, whose brazier signifies Fire, and lastly the goddess Ceres with her traditional cornucopia, as the Element of Earth.
(1601 - 1678)
The Five Senses: Smell
c. 1625. Oil on panel, 27 5/8 x 44 5/8 in. Paul G. Allen Family Collection
"Abundance and the Four Elements"
The Holy Family within a Garland of Fruit, Flowers, and Vegetables held by Angels
Jan Brueghel the Younger
Jan Brueghel the Younger (Dutch: 13 September 1601 – 1 September 1678) was a Flemish Baroque painter, and the son of Jan Brueghel the Elder.
Brueghel was born and died in the 17th century in Antwerp. He was trained by his father and spent his career producing works in a similar style. Along with his brother Ambrosius, he produced landscapes, allegorical scenes and other works of meticulous detail. Brueghel also copied works by his father and sold them with his father's signature. His work is distinguishable from that of his parent by being less well executed and lighter.
Jan the Younger was traveling in Italy when his father died of cholera, and swiftly returned to take control of the Antwerp studio. After the death of his father he changed his signature from 'Brueghel' to 'Breughel'. The next year in 1626 he married Anna-Maria Janssens, daughter of Abraham Janssens. He soon established himself and was made dean of the Guild of Saint Luke in 1630. That same year he was commissioned by the French court to paint Adam Cycle. In the following years, he also produced paintings for the Austrian court, and worked independently in Paris, before returning to Antwerp in 1657. He collaborated with a number of prominent artists including Rubens,Hendrick van Balen (1575–1632), Adriaen Stalbemt (1580–1682), Lucas Van Uden (1596–1672), David Teniers the Younger and his father-in-law Abraham Janssens.
Jan the Younger's best works are his extensive landscapes, either under his own name or made for other artists such as Hendrick van Balenas backgrounds. His pupils were his older sons Abraham, Philips and Jan Peeter, his nephew Jan van Kessel, and his younger brother Ambrosius. Jan the Younger has fifteen paintings in National public collections in the United Kingdom.